What factors inhibited the early war against acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)?
Assignment: Case Study HIV/AIDS
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Week 8 discussion Discussion 1 Please watch the film, And the Band Played On. This film may be available on the Internet through free sites such as Youtube and Vimeo (please note: accessing these sites is at your own risk). You may also view the film for purchase online through sites such as Amazon or HBO. What factors inhibited the early war against acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)? Do you believe the AIDS outbreak could have been stopped? Why or why not? What role does advocacy play in the film? How much publicity does HIV/AIDS receive today? What’s the story of HIV/AIDS in the 21st century? Explain. Discussion 2 How do occupation and culture influence psychosocial stressors that affect middle-aged adults? How does your occupation influence psychosocial stressors?
AIDS was first reported in the United States in 1981 and has since become a major worldwide epidemic. AIDS is the most advanced stage of infection caused by HIV. The names HIV and AIDS can be confusing because both terms describe the same disease. Most people who are HIV positive do not have AIDS. A person with HIV infection is said to have AIDS when his or her immune system becomes so weak it can’t fight off certain kinds of infections and cancers, such as PCP (a type of pneumonia) or KS (Kaposi sarcoma, a type of cancer that affects the skin and internal organs), wasting syndrome (involuntary weight loss), memory impairment, or tuberculosis.
Even without one of these infections, a person with HIV is diagnosed with AIDS if his or her immune system weakens, as indicated by the number of CD4 cells in his or her blood. If the CD4 cell count is less than 200, the person is given a diagnosis of AIDS. It can take 2 to 10 years, or longer, for someone with HIV to develop AIDS if he or she is not treated. Most people with HIV will not develop AIDS if they start treatment (with medicines called antiretroviral therapy or ART) soon after becoming infected.