Krieg (2007) defines abortion as the termination of pregnancy through the expulsion or removal of an embryo or fetus from the uterus prior to viability. Abortion can be intentional, and in some cases, it can take place spontaneously (Krieg, 2007). This term most commonly represents the intentional termination of human pregnancy, which happens because of various reasons. In many countries, abortion is not a legal birth control method, but the government should only legalize it when an expectant mother experiences medical problems, such that pregnancy could endanger the life of the mother (Krieg, 2007). Human beings may resort to doing abortion as a birth control method in the situation of incest sex or rape. It is a debatable topic on whether or not governments should legalize abortion in the situation of rape. Types of Abortion Procedures Essay Sample
Some areas of philosophy such as consequentialism, deontology, libertarianism, and utilitarianism are extremely useful in discussing the issue of whether or not to legalize abortion in case of rape. Consequentialism holds that the consequences of an individual’s conduct are the critical basis for a judgment regarding the rightness of the conduct (Darwall, 1998). Types of Abortion Procedures Essay Sample The consequences of abortion include mourning, loss of self-esteem, insomnia, physical aggression, impotence, just to mention a few (Krieg, 2007). Therefore, it is not advisable to do abortion even in the case of rape because of many unhealthy consequences that accompany it. The victim of rape should just prepare in advance on how to bring up the child after delivery (Krieg, 2007). Utilitarianism refers to an ethical theory that holds that the course of an action depends on whether the action maximizes overall happiness (Darwall, 1998). Therefore, utilitarianism has a close relationship with consequentialism.