Nursing: Basic Care and Comfort

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Nursing: Basic Care and Comfort

Nutrition and Oral Hydration: Resuming Postoperative Diet

The first diet doctors usually prescribe after an operation is a clear liquid diet. It is fat-free and based on water and juices. A soft diet corresponds to the next stage in recovery and contains limited solid foods. Eventually, a patient can gradually transition to a regular diet. Nurses assist patients on bed rest in preparing meals.

Performing Eye Irrigation

A medical professional should perform eye irrigation on a lying client. First, it is necessary to apply anesthetic eye drops, cover the client’s neck and shoulders, and place a kidney dish next to the face. The next step involves slowly pouring the irrigation liquid onto the front eye surface. Finally, the client should move the eye in all directions.

Communicating with a Client Who is Hearing Impaired

When communicating with a client with hearing loss, it is important to face them, talk slowly, but naturally and avoid compound sentences. Ideally, there should not be any visual or audible distractions. Finally, it is useful to position oneself closer to the client’s better hearing ear.

Reduction of Risk Potential

Anchoring with Tape an Indwelling Urinary Catheter

After choosing the appropriate sight for application, the nurse should apply three inches of tape directly to the skin. The next step is to wrap some tape around the tube and attach it to the previous tape. This way, the tape securing the catheter can be removed without directly pulling the client’s skin.

Priority Action for a Non-functioning Urinary Catheter

When the urine is not draining through the catheter, it is crucial to check if the client has abdominal pain or discomfort. It is also necessary to ensure that the positioning of the catheter is correct, and the tubing has no kinks. If a blockage is causing a malfunction, a medical professional should replace the catheter with a new one.

Physiological Adaptation

Maintaining a Self-Suction Drainage Evacuator

After the evacuator installment, nurses should regularly empty the half-full drain and measure the exudate volume (Perry, Potter, and Ostendorf 2019). Moreover, they should remove drainage and debris from the tubing. It is also crucial to frequently clean the insertion site.


Perry, Anne Griffin, Patricia A. Potter, and Wendy Ostendorf