Mental health care is an important issue that is being addressed and promoted in this era in comparison to 10 years ago. However, the stereotype related to psychological diseases is still prevalent in society. Even so, the Government of Australia is actively promoting importance of mental health care. A 2007 survey done by National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing, showed data on mental health services accessed in the preceding 12 months. About 35% of the population sought mental health services (Slade et al, 2009). This essay will highlight certain intervention studies which will also showcase the important mental health therapeutic interventions in Australia. Impact of Mindfulness and Cognitive Therapy on Mental Health
The APS (Australian Psychological Society, 2018, 4th edition) states that there is proof of level I for CBT (Cognitive Behavorial Therapy) and internet CBT (clinical guided and unguided), interpersonal therapy, behavioral therapy based on mindfulness, problem-solving therapy, psychodynamic therapy, and psychoeducation in adult depression treatment (Linde et al, 2015). There is an availability of Level II proof of acceptance and commitment therapy and internet acceptance and commitment therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, emotion-focused therapy, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing, family interventions, internet problem-solving therapy (clinical guided), schema therapy, and solution-focused therapy for adult depression treatment (Cuijpers, 2011; Nieuwsma, 2012). Level IV proof for metacognitive treatment can be discovered, but only one tiny case series study is based on this (Papageorgiou& Wells, 2015). It is suggested that treatment impacts are comparable across many acute subpopulations of depressed patients and treatment modalities for a range of well-established procedures such as CBT and interpersonal therapy, with some advantages for individual versus group delivery and support versus unsupported internet interventions. Some studies have shown that psychological interventions such as CBT can be as efficient as pharmacological treatments to reduce mild to moderate depression if the clinician is adequately experienced and educated.
Further, theurapatic interventions have been seen in the treatment of bipolar disorders. Pharmacotherapy is the first-line bipolar disorder therapy, both during the acute phase and for future episodes avoidance. There is wide consensus, however, that ideal treatment for bipolar disorder includes a mixture of pharmacotherapy and psychological adjunctive therapy (Malhi et al, 2015). Oud et al (2016) did a systemic review and meta-analysis of RCTs (Randomized Controlled Trail) released between 1984 and January 2014 assessing the effectiveness of psychological interventions on depression and mania symptoms, relapse, reaction, discontinuation, hospital admission, quality of life, and psychosocial functioning for adolescents with bipolar disorder. Participants got therapy on average 28 weeks (range 12–39 weeks) of the research exploring CBT. The interventions used in this study consisted of CBT, psychoeducation, MBCT (Mindfullness based Cognitive Therapy), DBT (Diaelectical Behavorial Therapy) and family-focused therapy. There is further proof of level I for CBT in adult bipolar disorder therapy (Chiang et al, 2017).Impact of Mindfulness and Cognitive Therapy on Mental Health Madigan et al (2012) performed an experiment with where caregivers were randomly assigned to one of three environments for patients with bipolar disorder: multi-family group psychoeducation, group solution-focused therapy or TAU. Both active procedures included five manualized sessions of two hours supplied over a period of five weeks. This Level II case showed promotion of family intervention, circumspection-based cognitive therapy (oriented on one RCT and only for symptoms of comorbid anxiety), and psychoeducation. Evidence for interpersonal and social rhythm treatment was discovered at level IV where seven of the nine participants of the experiment completed a treatment. In the final analysis, all female participants mean depression scores were below the baseline scores indicating improvement (Hoberg, Ponto, Nelson & Frye, 2013).