Identify four theoretical perspectives (such as models or methods) for change processes
June 11, 2022
HRA549 Exam Modules Assignments
June 11, 2022

HSA3223 Management of LTC

HSA3223 Management of LTC

HSA3223 Management of LTC

HSA3223 Management of LTC

HSA3223 Management of LTC

HSA3223 Management of LTC Facilities Research Paper

HSA3223 Management of LTC Facilities Research Paper

HSA3223 Management of LTC Facilities Research Paper
HSA 3223 Management of LTC Facilities

Ladies and gentlemen,

The proportion of the US population that is 65 years or older is expected to almost double by 2050, (that equals 87 million!) when surviving baby boomers will be older than 85 years and likely quite frail. WOW!

As the needs for assistance in activities of daily living increase for our older adults’ (soon to be us!), we MUST come up with solutions that not only address the challenge in care delivery systems but also of costs. With the average annual cost of a private room LTC coming in at just over $100?000, we must look at community-based model that allow these individuals to remain in their own homes and dramatically reduce federal Medicaid spending.

It has been determined that most senior adults would prefer to remain in their home as they age. However, their inability to take care of their basic needs like preparing their own meals or going to the bathroom or dressing themselves often means admission to a long-term care facility, which compromises the individual’s dignity and costs them, or taxpayers, thousands of dollars a month. So, how do we help our seniors achieve their aging goals? What ARE these goals?

Some Identified Goals of LTC Models

Affordable LTC

Viable and sustainable

Decrease or prevention of nursing home admission

Provide care that maintains the individual’s quality of life

Maintain an individual’s dignity

Ensure a livable wage for professional caregivers

Need to develop more transit and safer pedestrian infrastructure to connect retail, health and other community services

This can feel like an overwhelming task, and it’s hard to know where to begin. So… let’s start by looking at several different models out there ~ What even is a “Model”?! A Model is a blueprint, providing a structured and consistent approach to a problem ~ in this case, to the problem of long term care. Ideally, a model will provide a detailed infrastructure needed to address long term care needs and a structured method to match the need with the method of meeting those needs. In other words, we’re just looking at different ways people have attempted to address this long-term care need with the goal of being able to extend it past a specific population.

Take a look at some models that are already out there:

The Community First Choice Option (CFCO) program, offered in Washington State through the Affordable Care Act, provides community and home-based services for long-term care.

End of life planning and palliative care

Creating the Small Business Retirement Marketplace (Links to an external site.) to improve seniors’ financial security by giving employers and employees more affordable and high-quality retirement options.

House-hold model (presented by Action Pact)

Ovation’s Evercare (a health care improvement program developed for the US government)

Kaiser Permanente (American integrated managed care consortium, based in Oakland, California, United States, founded in 1945 by industrialist Henry J. Kaiser and physician Sidney Garfield)

Greenhouse model (small houses are home to 6–12 residents in which care is given as much attention as treatment and is provided by a consistent, self-directed team of staff who are responsible for all care, including preparing meals in a centrally located open kitchen.

Adards community Model (based in Tasmania, Australia)

MediCaring, proposed by the Altarum Institute Center for elder Care and Advanced illness

The CAPABLE Program (Community Aging in Place, Advancing Better Living for Elders)

PACE (Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly)~ a model of community-based long-term care that provides coordinated and comprehensive services with an interdisciplinary patient-centered team model that is paid for through Medicare, Medicaid, and other insurers.

Research Paper Guidelines

Format: 3-5 pages of content (not incl. title page, reference list), APA 6th Ed. Format

The purpose of this paper is to provide the opportunity to examine in-depth perspective and the possible application of a model to the long-term healthcare challenges we are faced with. When selecting a model, consider YOUR GOAL (as addressed in the discussion board) and related issues that may be applicable. Please review the rubric.

Select a long-term care model of your choice (I have identified at least 10 above but there are more!): potential models are varied but must be approved by the instructor via course-mail.

Include at least three peer-reviewed journals in your research, no older than 3-4 yrs.

Prepare a reference list of all resources and websites used in your research using APA 6th ed guidelines (please note: IF you include them in your reference list, you must cite them in your paper)

You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.
Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.

Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.

The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.


Discussion Questions (DQ)

Initial responses to the DQ should address all components of the questions asked, include a minimum of one scholarly source, and be at least 250 words.
Successful responses are substantive (i.e., add something new to the discussion, engage others in the discussion, well-developed idea) and include at least one scholarly source.
One or two sentence responses, simple statements of agreement or “good post,” and responses that are off-topic will not count as substantive. Substantive responses should be at least 150 words.
I encourage you to incorporate the readings from the week (as applicable) into your responses.
Weekly Participation

Your initial responses to the mandatory DQ do not count toward participation and are graded separately.
In addition to the DQ responses, you must post at least one reply to peers (or me) on three separate days, for a total of three replies.
Participation posts do not require a scholarly source/citation (unless you cite someone else’s work).
Part of your weekly participation includes viewing the weekly announcement and attesting to watching it in the comments. These announcements are made to ensure you understand everything that is due during the week.
APA Format and Writing Quality

Familiarize yourself with APA format and practice using it correctly. It is used for most writing assignments for your degree. Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for APA paper templates, citation examples, tips, etc. Points will be deducted for poor use of APA format or absence of APA format (if required).
Cite all sources of information! When in doubt, cite the source. Paraphrasing also requires a citation.
I highly recommend using the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.
Use of Direct Quotes

I discourage overutilization of direct quotes in DQs and assignments at the Masters’ level and deduct points accordingly.
As Masters’ level students, it is important that you be able to critically analyze and interpret information from journal articles and other resources. Simply restating someone else’s words does not demonstrate an understanding of the content or critical analysis of the content.
It is best to paraphrase content and cite your source.
LopesWrite Policy

For assignments that need to be submitted to LopesWrite, please be sure you have received your report and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a “final submit” to me.
Once you have received your report, please review it. This report will show you grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors that can easily be fixed. Take the extra few minutes to review instead of getting counted off for these mistakes.
Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else’s thoughts more than your own?
Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score.
Late Policy

The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.
Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.
If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.
I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.
As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.

Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me:Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.
Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.