Describe the structure of DNA and the steps of protein synthesis.
Discussion: DNA/Protein Synthesis BIO 240
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Answer the following questions, in a total of 500 to 700 words.
– Describe the structure of DNA and the steps of protein synthesis.
– Describe the relationships between the following terms:
– Chromatin material
– Use the following gene in protein synthesis:
– Show the mRNA.
– Show the tRNA.
– Name the amino acids that will be placed in the polypeptide chain. (Use the codon table in Ch. 17 of Campbell Biology.)
– A gene will direct the making of polypeptide chains, and polypeptide chains form proteins. All enzymes are proteins. Therefore, how would you explain carrying a gene for a trait that does not show up in the offspring?
– In order for DNA to pass genetic information to the next generation, DNA must replicate successfully. Mistakes in replication could result in major problems in heredity.
– Explain how DNA replicates.
– Describe the formation of the leading strand and lagging strand and include the enzymes involved.
Why do the legs replicate differently?
You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.
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