Leading a healthy lifestyle and taking care of health has already become the priority for some people. It is significantly important to consult health care providers from time to time, as there are certain diseases that have late symptoms, however, can be determined by urine or blood analysis. To prevent severe consequences, one should be aware of the overall condition of health. The major aim of the paper is to provide the in-depth analysis of the composition and properties of the normal urine in comparison to urine that may signify problems.Urine Composition and Properties: Signs of Illness
Urine is the by-product that can tell a lot of information regarding the condition of the human body. Urine of a healthy person usually contains two major components, namely water and wastes. Urine is the result of the process made by kidneys, urination. The wastes are the following, “urea, uric acid, creatinine, and some ions” (Cooper and Gosnell 449). In the case, some components are not found in urine, it becomes evident that body does not function appropriately.
According to the recent researches, the most typical problems with urine occurs with the excessiveness of the following components, albumin, bilirubin, glucose, ketone bodies, microbes, blood, and blood cells. Albumin is considered to be a type of the protein that is essential for plasma (Schrier 529). The excessive amount of this component in urine signifies that nephrons are destroyed. Taking into consideration bilirubin, it should be stressed that this pigment makes urine yellow. It emerged from the breakdown of hemoglobin (Fischbach and Dunning 225). The high level of bilirubin indicates that there are some problems with liver or biliary disease. One of the most widespread problems of people with obesity or those who consume a lot of sugar is glycosuria, an excessive amount of glucose in urine that leads to diabetes. As well as glucose, ketone bodies indicate diabetes or another issue connected with the obsession of being slimmer, anorexia (Lee 288). It means that the person suffers from starvation. Another common problem is microbes found in urine; they usually are a sign of tract infection. Red blood cells cannot be found in healthy urine because their size is an obstacle to passing through the nephrons (Pillitteri 1360). Hematuria is the fact of the presence of the red blood cells in urine, which is abnormal. Hematuria is a sign of some kidney disease or kidney stones, whereas white blood cells in urine result in infection of kidney or urinary tract (Schulsinger 57).Urine Composition and Properties: Signs of Illness