Stress is a common psychological complaint in the modern world. However, it is important to recognize that there is a neurological basis to this complaint. The human nervous system evolved in the prehistoric period; however, it still responds to modern complaints, such as traffic and work pressures. In order to understand what stress does to the body, it is important to understand its neurological basis. When it becomes apparent that the body’s response to stress can be good or negative, an individual can better learn to control this response in the body. Types of Stress in Psychology Research
Stress can be good in small doses. It allows a greater level of performance, heightened mental awareness, more physical energy and increased stamina for a period of time. Good stress, or eustress, places the body in a temporary position in which extra demands are required. The body’s stress response helps a person meet these demands. For instance, a large presentation at work results in a release of stress hormones. This stress response gives the individual extra energy to deliver a great presentation (Brock University).
However, chronic stress or harmful stress can properly be called distress. This type of stress wears on the individual and weakens the immune system. It also has a host of other negative health effects, including high blood pressure, high blood sugar, abdominal fat accumulation and others. This is when stress continues for a lengthy period of time or is an inadequate response to situations that should not be considered stressful (WebMD). Types of Stress in Psychology Research