Phase 1 Planning: Diabetes Type 1 in Children and Adolescents
Diabetes Type 1 also known as juvenile(insulin-dependent diabetes) is a chronic disorder that triggers the pancreases to generate little insulin that what the body needs. Insulin is a hormone that permits glucose to have access in the body responsible for producing energy. Multiple studies have ascertained that children and adolescents who have diabetes type 1 displays after some weeks symptoms such as polyphagia, polyuria, polydipsia, ketonemia, and ketonuria which is usually triggered due to low renal glucose in the body. American Diabetes Association published a position statement concerning the subject. The objectives involved innovating effective procedures to manage the disorder. The paper seeks to examine diabetes type I in the mentioned population, strategies to address the issue and the recommendations on the same.
1. Diabetes Type 1 in children and adults
2. What strategies can the nurses utilize to address the health problem?
3. The roles and activities of the nurses in caring for the type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents in managing the disease.
4. The recommendations to curb the situation
Diabetes Type 1 in Children and Adolescents
Diabetes type 1 among children and adolescents have become more prevalent as the years go by and that is why it is crucial to address the problem. The recent study done by Dabe-lea et al.(2014), reported that from a sample of 3335,6872, 5003 participants came out positive for diabetes type 1 health condition. The same study observed that the prevalence related closely with age, race/ethnic factors including sex. Another study conducted by Abbasi et al. (2017), also showcased that for many decades, there has been an increase of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes of approximately 22% among the mentioned population in the United States.
The prevalence was reported in both male and female children and adolescents in all races that is the whites, blacks, Asians and Hispanics aged above five years old. The findings came as unexpected since from the historically diabetes type 1 was associated with white children and young people, however, the findings reported by showed that there was a prevalence burden to other minority groups.
It therefore reveals that an increase in type 1 diabetes patients over the years displays an increase in disorder incidence, reduced in mortality or both the cases. When we talk about the mortality, it means that diabetes generally among the youths is low and an increase in type 1 diabetes incidence explains it all for across the nations, its prevalence in the contemporary society have been observed and in all the races. Also considerable longitudinal researches have observed that people at risk for getting type 1 diabetes have displayed that the health condition is a continuum that develops unintermittedly at distinct yet predictable rates via different stages prior the onset of signs and symptoms.
The topic is significant to nursing practice for it will clearly highlight the role nurses play in facilitating the needed care and how they manage barriers related to type 1 diabetes. According to the International Diabetes Federation in 2017, children and adolescents are victims of type 1 diabetes and by 2050, the number will rise to 430 million (Patterson et al.,2019). The nurses can utilize such relevant information and conduct both qualitative and quantitative research. It will permit the nurses and other medical professionals to examine and evaluate complex questions in all aspects of clinical setting with the integration of different findings.
What strategies can the nurses utilize to address the health problem?
The nurses can address the health problem by developing a patient-centered communication that focuses on the patient’s needs, preferences. also a plan that evaluates the literacy of the patients since our focus was on children and adolescents and talk about the cultural barriers and factors that might hinder effective care to the mentioned population. Secondly, the nurses and other relevant personnel can ensure that treatment procedures and done within the shortest time possible basing on evidence-based principles that are linked to patient’s preferences, comorbidities including prognoses.
It is crucial for the clinical professionals to comprehend that care given to type 1 diabetes children and adolescents with relevant elements of chronic care blueprint to ensure meaningful interactions between a prepared proactive practice nurses and an informed activated patient. Moreover, healthcare systems should embrace team-based care while involving the community in the entire practice for it will enhance patient’s quick recovery and meeting clinical objectives of quality care. when the treatment is patient centered integrated with evidence-based practice can bring significant change to the healthcare practices (Saydah et al., 2017). Creating awareness to the public on the prevalence of diabetes type 1 among children and adolescents will make them engage in healthy practices and also undergo screening to help treat victims as early as possible.
The roles and activities of the nurses in caring for the type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents in managing the disease.
The nurses engage in advocacy for patients with diabetes type 1 to ensure the patients get relevant support. The support can be inform of policy implementation which will advocate for quality care with cost-effectiveness for he mentioned population. The support should also include easy access for medical intervention and drugs especially the insulin for the patients at all times (Sanyoura et a., 2018). Multiple studies have affirmed that there has been enhancement in the quantity of patients with diabetes who get treated with statins and getting the recommended A1C, hypertension, including LDL cholesterol in the past decade.
The recommendations to curb the situation
I would recommend the patients should adhere to the directives from their care providers. Secondly, there should be a thorough revision on the barriers that can hinder effective care to the victims. Thirdly, there should be scheduled follow-up for the patients treated for diabetes type 1 disorder to monitors their progress (Sanyoura et al., 2018). The patients and their care givers should also ensure they observe their dietary programs, engage in physical activities for it will help them manage their weight. Most important, take insulin as directed by the physician. The government has a role to ensure they make easy access of the medication by communicating with the supply chain.
Diabetes Type 1 also known as juvenile(insulin-dependent diabetes) is a chronic disorder that triggers the pancreases to generate little insulin that what the body needs. American Diabetes Association published a position statement concerning the diabetes type 1. Their objectives involved innovating effective procedures to manage the disorder for it has been ascertained by several studies of its prevalence in the mentioned population. It is therefore essential for all the healthcare workforce to work together to ensure patients get relevant care. They should be educated on the significance of managing their weight by controlling their diet, engaging in physical activities and also follow doctor’s directives.
Abbasi, A., Juszczyk, D., van Jaarsveld, C. H., & Gulliford, M. C. (2017). Body mass index and incident type 1 and type 2 diabetes in children and young adults: a retrospective cohort study. Journal of the Endocrine Society, 1(5), 524-537.
Dabelea, D., Mayer-Davis, E. J., Saydah, S., Imperatore, G., Linder, B., Divers, J., … & Hamman, R. F. (2014). Prevalence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes among children and adolescents from 2001 to 2009. Jama, 311(17), 1778-1786.
Patterson, C. C., Karuranga, S., Salpea, P., Saeedi, P., Dahlquist, G., Soltesz, G., & Ogle, G. D. (2019). Worldwide estimates of incidence, prevalence and mortality of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents: Results from the International Diabetes Federation Diabetes Atlas. Diabetes research and clinical practice, 157, 107842.
Sanyoura, M., Philipson, L. H., & Naylor, R. (2018). Monogenic diabetes in children and adolescents: recognition and treatment options. Current diabetes reports, 18(8), 1-13.
Saydah, S., Imperatore, G., Cheng, Y., Geiss, L. S., & Albright, A. (2017). Disparities in diabetes deaths among children and adolescents—United States, 2000–2014. MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report, 66(19), 502.