research the tympanic membrane and the thyroid gland
Thyroid Gland Assignment
Using the South University Online Library or the Internet, research the tympanic membrane and the thyroid gland. Based on your findings, create a 3- to 4-page Microsoft Word document that includes:
Information about a minimum of two health assessment histories.
The possible findings for the tympanic membrane.
Information on how to examine the thyroid gland using both the anterior and posterior methods.
A concise note in the subjective, objective, assessment, and plan (SOAP) format with each patient’s encountered findings.
Information about review laboratory tests that may be used for screening clients and the expected normal levels for each test.
Support your responses with examples.
Thyroid Gland Tests
Anti-TPO antibodies: In autoimmune thyroid disease, proteins mistakenly attack the thyroid peroxidase enzyme, which is used by the thyroid to make thyroid hormones.
Thyroid ultrasound: A probe is placed on the skin of the neck, and reflected sound waves can detect abnormal areas of thyroid tissue.
Thyroid scan: A small amount of radioactive iodine is given by mouth to get images of the thyroid gland. Radioactive iodine is concentrated within the thyroid gland.
Thyroid biopsy: A small amount of thyroid tissue is removed, usually to look for thyroid cancer. Thyroid biopsy is typically done with a needle.
Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH): Secreted by the brain, TSH regulates thyroid hormone release. A blood test with high TSH indicates low levels of thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism), and low TSH suggests hyperthyroidism.
T3 and T4 (thyroxine): The primary forms of thyroid hormone, checked with a blood test.
Thyroglobulins: A substance secreted by the thyroid that can be used as a marker of thyroid cancer. It is often measured during follow-up in patients with thyroid cancer. High levels indicate recurrence of the cancer.
Other imaging tests: If thyroid cancer has spread (metastasized), tests such as CT scans, MRI scans, or PET scans can help identify the extent of spread.
Ultrasound of the thyroid gland may be used to reveal whether structures are solid or filled with fluid, helping to differentiate between nodules and goitres and cysts. It may also help differentiate between malignant and benign lesions. A fine needle aspiration biopsy may be taken concurrently of thyroid tissue to determine the nature of a lesion. These biopsies are then sent for histopathology and cytology. When further imaging is required, a radiolabelled iodine-123 or technetium-99 uptake scan may take place. This can the size and shape of lesions reveal whether nodules or goitres are metabolically active, and reveal and monitor sites of thyroid disease or cancer deposits outside the thyroid.