Running head: RESEARCH PAPER 1
Research Paper Phase 2
RESEARCH PAPER 2
There is an increase in the debate over the issue of dying with dignity and the right to die.
The issue has been revolving around whether a person should be given a chance to choose to die
when they are still in a position to continue living a reduced ability or aiding the life support. Most
of the debates are focused on the ethical position on some of the medical interventions that are
undertaken. The focus of this research paper is to explore the role played by the nurses in
discouraging palliative patients from euthanasia.
Nurses are playing an important role in providing healthcare to the patient during the end of
their life than any other healthcare professionals. Nurses are not directly involved in the
performance of euthanasia but are directly taking part in the process that starts when the patients
request euthanasia and ends with the provision of support to the patient’s family members and
healthcare providers after the act. In this case, it is always crucial for the nurses to be aware of the
role they play during the euthanasia procedure (Wilson et al., 2021). Nurses are required to be
open-minded and to be non-judgment towards accepting euthanasia requests as their professional
attitude can discourage the patients from euthanasia.
The role of the nurses in discouraging palliative patients from euthanasia begins with the
pre-euthanasia which begins with the assessment. In this stage, nurses are required to carefully
listen to the patients to help in the successful assessment of the reasons for requesting euthanasia
and the factors that are linked to such decisions. According to Wilson et al., (2021), the improper
requests that are originating from the relievable suffering have to be withdrawn and alternative
methods have to be provided to the patient to prevent undignified deaths. According to Martin
(2021), all patients need to be assessed for awareness about their medical diagnosis, their
conditions, and the prognosis, and other available alternatives like palliative care to make sure that
typically this is not a ROLE of the nurse here- nor is assistive suicide common on the US- as its not legal in many states- how are you going to do this here?
Wilson’s study was a cross-sectional correlational study of 377 Australian registered nurses who completed an online survey. Generalised linear modelling assessed the effects of independent variables against intended responses to requests for legal assisted dying. They have a system there- here in the US there isn’t- unless you take the time to explain that your readers are going to be lost and confused. you also need to state this study took place in Australia-
Assisted suicide is legal in 10 jurisdictions in the US: -perhaps you should use the term assisted suicide/euthanasia: it may help your paper flow a little better here in the US
grammar- sentence structure- unsure what you are trying to say
hint: if you use your headings the reader does not have to guess what you are talking about- makes it easier and ensures you discuss every point
I am bit fuzzy as to what your ‘topic is’- what exactly are you researching- you have to be a bit more specific and clear
RESEARCH PAPER 3
the decision made are well-informed as a full disclosure that is important in the execution of the
right to the self-determination freely.
Nurses are required to be familiar with the evaluation skills that are important in speeding
the process and improving accuracy. Nurses have a role of ensuring that the family members are
involved in the process to help in the assessment of their reactions to the request of the euthanasia
and allowing the heartfelt communication process between the patient and the family members,
promoting the ventilation about their emotions, application of the active listening skills that are
important in the identification of their needs (Mathews, et al., 2021). In this situation, nurses are
required to remain sensitive and maintain professional approaches in the performance of the
Under the pre-euthanasia, nurses also play a role in the consultation whereby nurses act as
the advocators for the patient they represent and provide information about their conditions and the
wishes of their relatives to enable the patients’ perspective to be put into considerations. Nurses are
also involved in the written consent where they explain the consent using a non-threatening tone
and allowing asking questions. The second phase is the intra-euthanasia which is carried out within
a special rook to given an opportunity for having a peaceful environment that supports the human
right to die with dignity and the reduction of the disturbance in the process (Gill, 2019). This phase
involves preparation, assistance, and recording. In the preparation, nurses help with the preparation
of the medication to induce a light sleep-in case the patient is not wishing to be aware of the
comma induction moment. In the assistance role, a nurse provides emotional support to the family
embers when they are present in the procedure. Under recording, nurses are responsible for
keeping all the records of the medication, for signed consent forms, the pain assessment form, and
the record of euthanasia.
is this within the nurse’s scope of practice? remember you are in the US
Canada study- are nurses in the US going to know this- can you even teach this if its illegal-
RESEARCH PAPER 4
The third phase is the post-euthanasia and the nurse has the responsibility of explaining to
the family about the need to stop the procedure ad goes to the last office procedure. According to
Gill (2019), when the decisions are deliberately made, the grieving process and the feelings of
guiltiness among the family members might occur. In this case, the emotional support by providing
reassurance and listening to the feelings of the patients and the family members is done. The nurse
is required to have good communication and counseling skills and helping with a timely referral
process to the counselor for the emotionally affected family.
Methodology and the design of the study
The help in understanding the role played by the nurses in discouraging the palliative
patients from euthanasia, the method to be adopted will involve the use of both qualitative data and
quantitative data. This will be a case study using specific healthcare facilities that are selected for
the study. The collection of the data to be used for the study will involve the use of interviews and
questionnaires. The interview process as a method of collecting data will be targeting the nurses in
charge of the selected healthcare facilities. The questionnaire will be used for the selected nurses
from the targeted facilities. The questionnaire or interview will be delivered to the participants in
person or by emailing them. The information to be collected from the patient will involve the
collection of the demographic data of the participants for example age, gender, the year of
employment within the facility, and their positions within the facility. Other questions will involve
asking their perception or attitudes concerning voluntary euthanasia; the methods they wish to be
involved in the euthanasia as palliative nurses; and how their demographic features for example
years of work experience as a nurse are impacting the palliative role and their attitudes towards
heading- please review your APA
sources of data when carrying out a case study are observations of a person’s daily routine, unstructured interviews with the participant herself (and with people who know her), diaries, personal notes (e.g. letters, photographs, notes) or official document (e.g. case notes, clinical notes, appraisal reports). The case study method often involves simply observing what happens to, or reconstructing ‘the case history’ of a single participant or group of individuals (such as a school class or a specific social group), i.e. the idiographic approach.
done-use perhaps completed/performed- done is for turkeys consider rewording sentenced
case study (add) method using…
is this heading ?? not APA
RESEARCH PAPER 5
The sampling methodology to be adopted in this case will involve the use of the nurses and
nurses in charge of ages above 25 years. In this case, a total of 60 participants will be used in the
study i.e., 10 nurses in charge and 50 nurses within the selected facility. Before the involvement of
the participants in the study, they will be taken through a consent process where the objectives of
the study will be explained and informing them that the study is done for academic purposes. The
participants will also be assured of confidentiality and that their names will not feature anywhere.
They are also allowed to take part or to leave the study. The selection of the study participants will
follow a random process from the few selected healthcare facilities to help in understanding the
role played by the nurses in discouraging palliative patients from euthanasia procedures.
The necessary tools to be used
One of the research tools is informed consent whereby the participants are given a chance
to sign for their willingness to take part in the study. The other tool is the questionnaires that give
the chance of obtaining information from a larger population who are unlikely to have time to
attend an interview or take part in the experiments. This tool is important in enabling the
participants to take time, think about the research question, and return the questionnaire later. The
questionnaire allows the participant to state their views or feelings privately without worrying
about the possible reactions of the researcher. The questionnaire tool is composed of multiple-
choice questions, attitude scales, open-ended questions, and close-ended questions. The other tool
is the interviews that are carried out in person or face-to-face. The interview can also be
administered through telephone or use of more advanced computer technology such as skype. It is
therefore important for the interviewees to decide on whether they feel comfortable concerning the
invitation of the researcher into their homes or to have room or an area where the participants are
free to speak without disturbance to other individuals within the family.
you need to think about this section it needs some development and thought put in.
informed consent is not a tool
RESEARCH PAPER 6
Gill, B. K. (2019). Euthanasia and Nurses’ Role in It. Arch Clinical Case Study, 2(1).
Martin, S. (2021). Assisted Suicide and the European Convention on Human Rights. Routledge.
Mathews, J. J., Hausner, D., Avery, J., Hannon, B., Zimmermann, C., & Al-Awarner, A. (2021).
Impact of medical assistance in dying on palliative care: a qualitative study. Palliative
Medicine, 35(2), 447-454.
Wilson, M., Wilson, M., Edwards, S., Cusack, L., & Wiechula, R. (2021). Role of attitude in
nurses’ responses to requests for assisted dying. Nursing Ethics, 28(5), 670-686.
not APA- not 5 sources