Jean Watson’s Nursing as Caring Theory Essay

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Jean Watson’s Nursing as Caring Theory Essay

Jean Watson’s Nursing as Caring Theory Essay

Meaning

Jean Watson is a nursing living legend, who developed a theory and proved the importance of a transpersonal caring-healing moment in nursing (Clark, 2016). The main idea is to put the care of science as a core value in nursing. Caring should not be defined as a discipline that has to be taught only but as a foundation developed by a successful combination of metaphysical, philosophical, and even moral paradigms concerning human uniqueness (Santos et al., 2014). Watson introduces her theory as an epistemic endeavor regarding which a systematic study of caring includes crucial ethical and philosophical aspects. The main assumptions include the interpersonal practice of caring, the satisfaction of human needs, the promotion of health and personal growth, acceptance of patients, and the creation of a welcoming, caring environment.Jean Watson’s Nursing as Caring Theory Essay

Watson develops four concepts: a human being, health, environment, and nursing. The relations between these concepts cannot be neglected. It is hard to define which concept is more important. It is not necessary to promote hierarchies but to accept all these concepts as one whole. For example, a human being is a person who asks for care, respect, and understanding, which may be provided in an appropriate environment where health is promoted by nurses as a harmony of body and soul. If one variable is removed, the effectiveness of the whole process may be put under a question. There is a kind of actual caring occasion under which the cooperation between a nurse and a patient achieves its perfection and improves the quality of care offered by nurses. Therefore, concepts may not affect each other but improve overall nursing.Jean Watson’s Nursing as Caring Theory Essay

Origins of the Theory

Nursing as Caring Theory was developed in the middle of the 1970s. During those years, the field of nursing and healthcare was changed considerably. Nurses demonstrated their values and abilities to make independent decisions, combine technical skills with clinical judgments. Being directly involved in nursing after the sudden death of her father after a heart attack, Watson was able to study and experience nursing from different perspectives. She was a student at the University of Colorado. Then, she was involved in numerous nursing practices. Finally, she became a professor and developed her skills. In her interviews, Watson admitted that her motivation was her frustration with the quality of nursing that was offered to people at the moment.Jean Watson’s Nursing as Caring Theory Essay

Though the theories developed by Martha Rogers and Dorothea Orem improved nursing, it was necessary to focus on nursing as a promising discipline where values and personal knowledge of caring performed a crucial role. Watson used a metaphysical concept and introduce caring as healing through several creative factors. Her approach included the notions of an ontology according to which it was possible to use methods and science-orientated steps to find out the truth. She relied on Eastern Philosophy ideas and paid attention to the environment as a crucial factor in healing. The principles of holism and Buddhism could be discovered in her theory. As a result of her investigations and personal conclusions, she offered love and caring as two significant factors of nursing.Jean Watson’s Nursing as Caring Theory Essay

Usefulness

Watson’s theory enhanced nursing practice considerably. Its usefulness may be explained by its easiness in understanding and using. It may be used as a helpful guide for nurses to improve their practice and consider all crucial factors in nursing practice. Holistic care is not easy to offer. Therefore, Watson’s practical suggestions and concepts contribute to understanding nursing and predicting expected outcomes. For example, original research developed by Arslan-Ozkan, Okumus, and Buldukoglu (2013) proves that the theory of human caring developed by Watson helps to promote positive effects on distress and infertility many women suffer from. This theory is used to explain how caring, the promotion of a safe and welcoming environment, effective nursing, and respect to patients may support people and their families in dealing with real challenges.Jean Watson’s Nursing as Caring Theory Essay