Healthcare and Discrimination Relationship Discussion
Read the following articles: Armstrong, K., Ravenell, K. L., McMurphy, S., & Putt, M. (2007). Racial/ethnic differences in physician distrust in the United States. American Journal of Public Health, 97(7), 1283–1289. Read Gamble, V. N. (1997). Under the shadow of Tuskegee: African Americans and health care. American Journal of Public:Health, 87(11), 1773–1778.
1 Issues around historical disparities in health care and what can be done to improve the situation. Read and used Chapters 10 “Women and Medicine page 390-412 and Chapter 11 “African Americans and Medicine page 416-435 of your Intervention and Reflection text book Basic Issues in Bioethics (Concise Ed). Boston, MA: Wadsworth by Munson, R., 2014. The text focus on ethical questions related to health care for women and African Americans, and some ways in which the health care industry has overlooked their needs. As case presentation “Bad Blood, Bad Faith: The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment” (in pages 417–420 from Chapter 11) makes clear, there have even been times when the industry exploited and mistreated African Americans. Select an issue or problem that you found particularly interesting, Illuminating, or troubling.Healthcare and Discrimination Relationship Discussion
Say something about what this issue tells us about health care as an institution and industry in the United States.
What can be done to improve things in regard to the issue you’ve selected?
Which moral theories, ethical principles, or both are most relevant to understanding the problems involved and addressing them?
2. Ethical Issues about Access to Health Care – Use your Intervention and Reflection text to read Chapter 9, “Distributing Health Care,” on pages 366–386. This chapter covers a range of controversies about how, where, and to whom health care should be available. Read the article that discusses arguments for and against the proposal that health care is something a government should provide to all its residents.Healthcare and Discrimination Relationship Discussion
Procon.org (Ed.). (2018). Right to health care. In ProCon. Santa Monica, CA: ProCon.
As you know, health care is very expensive. Most Americans who have health insurance obtain it through their employer as a benefit. But not everyone is so fortunate, and of course some employer-provided plans offer far less than others. Even after passage of the Affordable Care Act, some people lack effective coverage, and many Americans have huge medical debt. As you read through Chapter 9 in your textbook Intervention and Reflection text Basic Issues in Bioethics (Concise Ed). Boston, MA: Wadsworth by Munson, R., 2014.and reflect on the issue of access to care, reflect on these questions and answer one or more of them as a basis for this question. In your answer, include thoughts about which moral theory or ethical principle best supports your view.
What do you think is the best solution to solving the problem of getting more people access to health care?
What sorts of personal or professional experiences have you encountered with this topic? Or is there a story you’ve heard about, through friends, relatives, or in the news, that strikes you as representative of the problem of access?
Do you think that health care is something to which we have a right? We feel pretty comfortable with the idea people have a right to some level of education. But few of us would probably say a person has a right to a car, or to have a computer provided them. Is health care more like an education or more like a car and other consumer goods?
You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.Healthcare and Discrimination Relationship Discussion
Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.
Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.
The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.
ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE CLASS
Discussion Questions (DQ)
Initial responses to the DQ should address all components of the questions asked, include a minimum of one scholarly source, and be at least 250 words.
Successful responses are substantive (i.e., add something new to the discussion, engage others in the discussion, well-developed idea) and include at least one scholarly source.
One or two sentence responses, simple statements of agreement or “good post,” and responses that are off-topic will not count as substantive. Substantive responses should be at least 150 words.
I encourage you to incorporate the readings from the week (as applicable) into your responses.
Your initial responses to the mandatory DQ do not count toward participation and are graded separately.
In addition to the DQ responses, you must post at least one reply to peers (or me) on three separate days, for a total of three replies.
Participation posts do not require a scholarly source/citation (unless you cite someone else’s work).
Part of your weekly participation includes viewing the weekly announcement and attesting to watching it in the comments. These announcements are made to ensure you understand everything that is due during the week.
APA Format and Writing Quality
Familiarize yourself with APA format and practice using it correctly. It is used for most writing assignments for your degree. Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for APA paper templates, citation examples, tips, etc. Points will be deducted for poor use of APA format or absence of APA format (if required).
Cite all sources of information! When in doubt, cite the source. Paraphrasing also requires a citation.
I highly recommend using the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.
Use of Direct Quotes
I discourage overutilization of direct quotes in DQs and assignments at the Masters’ level and deduct points accordingly.
As Masters’ level students, it is important that you be able to critically analyze and interpret information from journal articles and other resources. Simply restating someone else’s words does not demonstrate an understanding of the content or critical analysis of the content.
It is best to paraphrase content and cite your source.
For assignments that need to be submitted to LopesWrite, please be sure you have received your report and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a “final submit” to me.
Once you have received your report, please review it. This report will show you grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors that can easily be fixed. Take the extra few minutes to review instead of getting counted off for these mistakes.
Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else’s thoughts more than your own?
Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score.
The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.
Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.
If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.
I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.
As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.
Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me:
Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.
Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.