The assessment results demonstrate that the primary nursing diagnoses and problems that can be found in the selected aggregate include the risk for development and progression of various chronic conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The factors that may contribute to the deterioration of health in the family members are mainly associated with their lifestyles, namely, imbalanced nutrition (less or more than body requirements), exposure to stress, insufficient physical activity, and so on.Family Self-Care and Disaster Management Plan Essay
The intervention that may be suggested for the family is the home-based self-care intervention delivered by a healthcare provider. According to Dickson et al. (2013), “the primary goal of self-care including self-management interventions is to improve health and quality of life outcomes in patients with chronic conditions” (p. 2). Since the strategy comprises educational practices, it can potentially help increase the family members’ understanding of their health conditions and health risks. In this way, the designed program can motivate them to take responsibility for improvement. As Dickson et al. (2013) note, the increase in patients’ self-efficacy is a common outcome of such intervention plans. The five steps suggested by the MAP-IT strategy will be followed during the intervention.
The strategy for the selected aggregate will consist of education, behavioral modifications, and individualized care elements. Therefore, several health care providers and distinct information resources will be mobilized throughout the process. Consistently with the Chronic Care Model, the health care practitioners who will work with the family will provide them with the information about available community resources needed to support their decisions and behavioral change (Philis-Tsimikas & Gallo, 2014).Family Self-Care and Disaster Management Plan Essay
It is possible to say that allergy and high blood pressure, which were identified in some of the family members, are among the most common non-communicable health conditions and people often tend to underestimate the risks associated with them. It is known that hypertension largely contributes to various cardiovascular events including “cerebral vascular accidents, myocardial infarctions, congestive heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, and chronic renal failure” (Katende, Groves, & Becker, 2014, p. 1). At the same time, in some cases, dust mite allergy may induce the symptoms of asthma. Thus, both of these conditions are characterized by a significant disease burden leading to the deterioration of the quality of life and decrease in affected individuals’ productivity (Katende et al., 2014).Family Self-Care and Disaster Management Plan Essay
The vision of the desired change for the family is their sustainable engagement in healthy activities and a conscious approach towards their health. Therefore, during the education sessions with the family, the nurse will aim to intervene in their health beliefs, attitudes, and perceptions about these disorders. To do so, the curriculum will comprise various multimedia information sources needed to clarify information regarding disease-specific health risks and promote healthy behaviors. The behavioral intervention will mainly address the family’s dieting and physical activities. Van Buren and Tibbs (2014) state that “an increase in the intake of foods with saturated/trans fatty acids, cholesterol, salt, and sugar” is commonly associated with overweight, obesity, and the development of chronic conditions such as cardiovascular disease (p. 557). Thus, the health practitioner will promote fruit and vegetable intake within the aggregate and stimulate the participants to control the size of portions and decrease the intake of energy-dense products.Family Self-Care and Disaster Management Plan Essay
Researchers also observe that changes in the diet can be more effective when combined with the engagement in physical activity (Van Buren & Tibbs, 2014). Even moderate activity such as walking can have a favorable impact on hypertension and insulin resistance. Additionally, Van Buren and Tibbs (2014) state that strength training often results in the reduction of cardiovascular disease risks. Therefore, the nurse needs to show all possible benefits of behavioral changes to the participants. The referral to a dietitian and a physiotherapist can also be recommended because the specialists can help them choose appropriate nutrition and physical load regimes.Family Self-Care and Disaster Management Plan Essay
Implement and Track
The intervention program will last for eight weeks and combine such contact modes as in-person, in-group, and multimedia communication. The family will meet the specialists at least two times a week. Each new education session will start with the evaluation of the participants’ achievements, discussion of their perceptions of self-efficacy, and the overall effectiveness of the intervention. To sum up the results and analyze the efficiency of the suggested intervention plan, the objective data will be collected by using clinical assessment tools. The BMI and other final physiological indexes will be compared to those collected before the beginning of the intervention course.
Disaster Management Plan
Miami-Dade County, FL, is prone to such disasters like hurricanes and tornado outbreaks. To survive them and minimize possible traumas, an emergency preparedness plan is required. According to Gowan, Sloan, and Kirk (2015), disaster planning allows developing an adapting capacity by promoting the right attitudes and stimulating appropriate behaviors in individuals. First of all, to be prepared means to be aware of risks. With an increased risk awareness, the family can prepare all the necessary resources promptly and, in this way, ensure individual resilience and survival during the disaster recovery process.Family Self-Care and Disaster Management Plan Essay