Examine the role of the nurse manager in health promotion and disease management for patients
Case Study: Health Promotion
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Week 7 discussion Identify one current challenge your healthcare organization is currently working on to improve access to care for all populations in your geographic region and community. Examine the role of the nurse manager in health promotion and disease management for patients and clinical populations with issues related to access to care in your geographic region and community. Analyze issues and challenges confronting your healthcare organization with regard to advocacy for patients, families, and populations with the Leading Health Indicators and access to care.
Health promotion is, as stated in the 1986 World Health Organization (WHO) Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, “the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. To reach a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, an individual or group must be able to identify and to realize aspirations, to satisfy needs, and to change or cope with the environment. Health is, therefore, seen as a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living. Health is a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities. Therefore, health promotion is not just the responsibility of the health sector, but goes beyond healthy life-styles to well-being”.
The WHO‘s 2005 Bangkok Charter for Health Promotion in a Globalized World defines health promotion as “the process of enabling people to increase control over their health and its determinants, and thereby improve their health”.
Health promotion involves public policy that addresses health determinants such as income, housing, food security, employment, and quality working conditions. More recent work has used the term Health in All Policies to refer to the actions that incorporate health into all public policies. Health promotion is aligned with health equity and can be a focus of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) dedicated to social justice or human rights. Health literacy can be developed in schools, while aspects of health promotion such as breastfeeding promotion can depend on laws and rules of public spaces. One of the Ottawa Charter Health Promotion Action items is infusing prevention into all sectors of society, to that end, it is seen in preventive healthcare rather than a treatment and curative care focused medical model.
There is a tendency among some public health officials, governments, and the medical industrial complex to reduce health promotion to just developing personal skill also known as health education and social marketing focused on changing behavioral risk factors