Running Head: EBOLA DISEASES AND ITS IMPACTS 1
EBOLA DISEASES AND ITS IMPACTS 2
Ebola Diseases and Its Impacts.
Over the past few years, the world has been under siege from outbreaks of various strange pandemics whose impacts have been devastating and perhaps affected all aspects of life. One of the most threatening global health issues is the Ebola disease (Rollin & Nichol, 2019). Ebola can be defined as a viral disease that causes problems with how human blood forms clots. In other words, Ebola may be referred to as the Hemorrhagic fever virus since one the virus attacks somebody, what happens is the virus causes blood clotting problems which triggers internal bleeding due to leaking of blood from small vessels of the infected person. The Ebola virus may also cause body inflammations and tissue damage.
Since 1976 the democratic republic of Cong has been adversely challenged with frequent outbreaks of Ebola disease. From historical point view on Ebola research, it can be said that Ebola outbreaks in congo region have been found that most of the frequent viral outbreak has been associated with many of the remote areas (Rollin & Nichol, 2019). Many experts have theorized the frequent outbreak of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo with heavy forested, remote regions that contain infected fruit bats. Although the origin of the Ebola virus in DRC, it must be known that in 2013-2016, the diseases heavily attacked several countries in west African, leading to many deaths. The severe illness attacked both humans and other primates, leaving behind devastating effects that hampered the laid strategies to combat the deadly disease.
According to WHO health statistics, West African countries are the most prevalent regions that have been frequently affected by huge outbreaks of Ebola virus diseases. From 2014 to 2016, west African countries, particularly Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone was the most affected countries in the history of the world (Rollin & Nichol, 2019). A total of more than 28,566 cases were reported during that time, and perhaps more than 11,000 deaths were claimed by the deadly diseases. Ebola virus disease outbreaks have gained a lot of concerns from the globe since it claims many lives overdue to the ability of the disease to spread very fast over a short period this makes it a global concern (Gulland, 2016). The Director of WHO, Dr. Adhanom Ghebreyesus, declared outbreaks of Ebola in both West African countries and in the Democratic Republic of Congo a Public Health emergency of global concern, and the world needed to take notice of the increased threats of the Ebola virus and perhaps redouble its efforts towards laying down firm strategies to control the menace.
Worth mentioning is that the Ebola virus outbreak in the West African region and the Democratic Republic of Cong not only devastated the healthcare workforce in the said regions but also severely impacted the provision of healthcare services whereby it becomes challenging to offer treatments on diseases such as HIV, TB, malaria, and measles (Gulland, 2016). Besides that, the Ebola virus negatively impacted the said region by disrupting trade and service delivery due to curfews and travel restrictions. Many people lost their lives which in turn affected the region’s productivity.
Among the responses that were deployed in west African countries- Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone as well as Congo to curb the increased spread of the Ebola virus included n focus on the identification, isolation, and provision of adequate care for to infected people to reduce the spread of the infectious Ebola virus disease (Gulland, 2016). Also, contact tracing with active engagement of community leaders and cultural sensitivity strategies were used to reduce the rate at which the Ebola virus disease spread from one person to another.
Gulland, A. (2016). Ebola outbreak in West Africa is officially over. BMJ, i243. doi:10.1136/BMJ.i243
Kamradt-Scott, A. (n.d.). WHO’s to blame? The World Health Organization and the 2014 Ebola outbreak in West Africa. The International Politics of Ebola, 29-46. doi:10.4324/9781138293588-3
Rollin, P. E., & Nichol, S. (2019). Ebola-Marburg Viral Diseases. Control of Communicable Diseases. doi:10.2105/ccdml.2868.049
Shuman, J., & Knust, B. (2014). Ebola: Responding to its Outbreak in West Africa. MD Conference Express, 14(28), 29-31. doi:10.1177/155989771428017