Discuss Multiple Regression Analysis
Discussion: Multiple Regression Analysis
Multiple Regression Analysis of Role Strain in the Obstetrical Area for Male Nursing Students (n = 55)
obstetrics included attitude toward clinical instructors, at- titude toward clients and their families, and attitude to- ward healthcare providers. Together, these three variables explained 30.1% of variance in role strain (Table 5).
The results of this study are consistent with the results of Sherrod (1991). Specifically, male nursing students faced higher role strain than did their female counterparts in the obstetrical setting. The results also indicated that male student nurses had significantly higher levels of role confiict, role ambiguity, and role incongruity than their female colleagues and no difference on the role overload subscale. These results may be associated with societal stereotypes of male student nurses in the obstetrical setting.
Sherrod stressed that female characteristics, for example, patience and a nurturing nature, are often thought of as a prerequisite of obstetrics nursing staff. Therefore, male nursing students usually experience more role incongruity and role ambiguity than do their female counterparts. In addition, previous studies have concluded that many women in labor prefer female students to carry out such procedures as breast and vaginal care (Sherrod, 1991; Wood, 2004). As a result, male roles are in confiiet with the intimate nature of obstetrical care. Contradictory role expectations may result in role conflict because male nursing students must assume the incongruent roles of nurse, student, and gender (Patterson & Morin, 2002). In short, male nursing students working in obstetrics are part of a minority group and play an unconventional role (Goode, 1960). This enhances their stress in the practice area. The only nonsignificant difference between the two
Attitude toward clinical instructors
Attitude toward clients and their families
Interest in nursing Attitude toward
healthcare providers Constant
*p<.OOI.B SE ß3.68 1.00 .531.15 0.48-0.51 0.56 1.64 1.01 .2243.69 7.82 .5737.09 ±2.1216.01 ±2.858.82 ±2.162.87*7.16**4.19**.301 24.06*.41– . 3 317.39*Journal of Nursing Research Vol. 17, No. I, 2009Ya-Ling Tzeng et al.genders found by this study was level of role overload, also confirms Sherrod’s finding and implies that male nursing students possess the same ability as their female eolleagues when it comes to providing obstetrical eare (Sherrod, 1991).We also found that, in comparison with female stu- dents, male nursing students had more negativity in four attitude areas. These were on attitude toward clinical in- structors, attitude toward healthcare providers, attitude toward clients and their families, and attitude toward gen- der and occupation role stereotyped viewpoint.You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.