Alaviani, M., Khosravan, S., Alami, A., & Moshki, M. (2015). The effect of a multi-strategy program on developing social behaviors based on Pender’s Health Promotion Model to prevent loneliness of old women referred to Gonabad urban health centers. International journal of community-based nursing and midwifery, 3(2), 132-140.
The first article to be reviewed is related to the problem of loneliness of old women. This is one of the most common problems in the aging population of today since a lot of people are left without due attention on behalf of their relatives. In Iran, where the study took place, the average life expectancy is increasing; therefore, the number of elderly people is on the rise. Besides physical weakness, these people also suffer numerous problems related to their social life since their existing connections often get damaged. According to different estimations, loneliness is experienced by 25 to 50% of the total world population.Community-Based Nursing Essay
Thus, the major purpose of the research was to identify how a multi-strategy program created based on Pender’s Health Promotion Model could improve the social interaction of elderly women thereby helping eliminate loneliness. The selected study design was quasi-experimental. It was performed in 2013 during the period covering nine months, between January and November. The sample consisted of 150 elderly women between 60-74 years from Gonabad urban health centers. Russell’s UCLA loneliness questionnaire and questionnaire created based on Pender’s Health Promotion Model were utilized; the results obtained were analyzed using T-pair, Chi-square, independent-T tests through SPSS, version 20, and descriptive statistics. In the intervention group, the subjects were provided with four sessions, during which they were given extensive information about loneliness and empowered (through performing practical tasks) to improve their social life.Community-Based Nursing Essay
The results revealed a significant decrease of loneliness in the members of the intervention group, which made it possible for researchers to conclude that Pender’s Health Promotion Model is an application framework that can be used for successful planning of various healthcare interventions since it allows identifying appropriate changes and improving particular reactions and responses.