In the case under discussion, the patient has no significant cardiac, hypertension, and dyslipidemia history. After the placement of a drug-eluting stent (DES), slight lipid elevation and high blood pressure are observed. Therefore, it is required to pay attention to additional history to be obtained from the patient. If no clear information is given in his medical history, communication with the man should give certain results.
First, it is necessary to clarify if chest pain has ever bothered the man. The focus on such conditions as fatigue, the lack of unreasonable loss of energy, and depression plays an important role as well. Regarding the fact that the patient is obese and hypertensive, it is reasonable to ask if there is a diabetes history in his family (Baumann et al., 2016). However, hypertension (systolic is about 136 and higher, and diastolic is about 81 and higher) after stent placement is a normal thing according to Khoury et al. (2018). Therefore, it is recommended to obtain some general facts about the patient, including his dietary habits, attitudes to physical activities, allegories, and past surgeries or treatment plans if any were offered.Cardiac Patient’s Nursing Care Plan Essay Paper
Control of hypertension is an important step in this care plan. For example, b-blockers and ACE-Is should be included (“Clinical practice guidelines,” 2014). These drugs can also reduce the size of a potential infarct in the future. For example, the patient should take metoprolol 25 mg daily as the initiation dose and 100 mg as the target dose (“Clinical practice guidelines,” 2014). This drug should be taken seven days after discharge with the required follow-up to identify the changes.Cardiac Patient’s Nursing Care Plan Essay Paper
Give the rationale for your drug choice. In general, the therapy for post-STEMI patients is based on several types of drugs being taken at the same time. First, hypertension control cannot be ignored. The fact that the patient is obese also determines care. Finally, the condition of the blood should be regulated. The rationale for these drugs’ choice remains clear. The patient has to control his physical condition and avoid serious complications after the placement of the DES. There is a thought that lean patients are exposed to a greater risk of complications in comparison to obese patients (Numasawa et al., 2015). However, obesity is also a cause of multiple cardiovascular complications. Therefore, it is necessary not to allow new problems and changes being developed after the stent placement.Cardiac Patient’s Nursing Care Plan Essay Paper
Each chosen drug is an opportunity for the patient to control the different conditions of his health. Obesity is his regular problem during a certain period. In its turn, hypertension and elevated liquids can be the result of the DES surgery. It is rational to use medications to stabilize the condition of the patient and make sure that blood clots and thrombosis will not bother the patient after his discharge.
How will you evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment and when would you evaluate it?
The evaluation of the effectiveness of the offered treatment plays a crucial role in this care plan. It is not enough to check the results of the signed drugs. It is also important to assess the general physical condition of the patient, the blood, and mental health changes (if any). As a rule, patients return to their routines in a few days after surgery. Follow-ups by a cardiologist and a primary care physician are required. As a rule, one week is the established period for regular visits. The effects of the drugs have to be observed and reported. Then, it is possible to decrease the frequency to every 3-6 months during the first year. The methods of evaluation may vary. However, in the majority of cases, a physical examination and a clinical history have to be taken into consideration. Stress tests after the placement of the stent are recommended at least two times per six months (“Clinical practice guidelines,” 2014). In a week, a general analysis of the blood should be developed to check for inflammation or other possible threats.Cardiac Patient’s Nursing Care Plan Essay Paper