Antimicrobial Resistance Assignment

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Antimicrobial Resistance Assignment

Antimicrobial Resistance Assignment
Antimicrobial Resistance Assignment

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Question 48. Question : Ray has been diagnosed with hypertension, and an ACE inhibitor is determined to be needed. Prior to prescribing this drug, the nurse practitioner should assess for: Hypokalemia Impotence Decreased renal function Inability to concentrate Question 49. Question : Long-acting beta-agonists received a black box warning from the US Food and Drug Administration due to the: Risk of life-threatening dermatological reactions Increased incidence of cardiac events when long-acting beta-agonists are used Increased risk of asthma-related deaths when long-acting beta-agonists are used Risk for life-threatening alterations in electrolytes Question 50. Question : Off-Label prescribing is: Regulated by the FDA Illegal by NPs in all states (provinces) Legal if there is scientific evidence for the use Regulated by the DEA Question 51. Question : Adam has type I diabetes and plays tennis for his university. He exhibits knowledge deficit about his insulin and his diagnosis. He should be taught that: He should increase his increase his carbohydrate intake during times of exercise intake during times of exercise. Each brand of insulin is equal in bioavailability, so buy the least expensive. Alcohol produces hypoglycemia and can help control his diabetes when taken in small amounts. If he does not want to learn to give himself injections, he may substitute an oral hypoglycemic to control his diabetes. Question 52. Question : Prior to starting antidepressants, patients should have laboratory testing to rule out: IN Hypothyroidism Anemia Diabetes mellitus Low estrogen levels 0 of 2.5 Question 53. Question : What impact does developmental variation in renal function has on prescribing for infants and children? Lower doses of renally excreted drugs may be prescribed to infants younger than six months Higher doses of water-soluble drugs may need to be prescribed due to increased renal excretion Renal excretion rates have no impact on prescribing Parents need to be instructed on whether drugs are renally excreted or not Question 54. Question : All diabetic patients with hyperlipidemia should be treated with: 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors Fibric acid derivatives Nicotinic acid Colestipol Question 55. Question : Treatment failure in patients with PUD associated with H. pylori may be due to: Antimicrobial resistance Ineffective antacid Overuse of PPIs All of the above Question 56. Question : To improve positive outcomes when prescribing for the elderly, the NP should: Assess cognitive functioning in the elder Encourage the patient to take a weekly “drug holiday” to keep drug costs down Encourage the patient to cut drugs in half with a knife to lower costs All of the above options are Question 57. Question : Erik presents with a golden-crusted lesion at the site of an insect bite consistent with impetigo. His parents have limited finances and request the least expensive treatment. Which medication would be the best choice for treatment? Mupirocin (Bactroban) Bacitracin and polymixin B (generic double antibiotic ointment) Retapamulin (Altabax) Oral cephalexin (Keflex) Question 58. Question : Nonselective beta blockers and alcohol create serious drug interactions with insulin because they: Increase blood glucose levels. Produce unexplained diaphoresis. Interfere with the ability of the body to metabolize glucose. Mask the signs and symptoms of altered glucose levels.