Analyze the evidence regarding the contribution of genetics and/or environment for obesity
Nursing Discussion Post on Alcoholism Essay
Analyze the evidence regarding the contribution of genetics and/or environment for obesity, Alzheimer’s disease, alcoholism, and schizophrenia. In the case of obesity, what impact does it have in our society today?
Evidence shows that comorbid alcoholism, schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease arepartially because of the shared common genetic variant. For instance, studies show that KPNA3 might play a role in the genetic predisposition to schizophrenia, Alzheimer’s disease and substance dependence such as alcoholism. In addition, alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) variants have been shown to confer risk for schizophrenia(Wang et al, 2014).Nursing Discussion Post on Alcoholism Essay. DPYSL2 gene at 8p22-p21 has also been associated with mental disorders like schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease. Evidence also shows that family members of people with schizophrenia carry a 10% risk of developing schizophrenia in comparison to the 1% of the general population. Similarly, an identical twin of an individual with schizophrenia carries a 40-50% risk of developing schizophrenia. Wang et al (2014)further show that individuals with anapoE4 gene from a single parent carry a 50% probability of developing Alzheimer’s disease and 90% risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease if they got the apoE4 gene from the two parents (Wang et al, 2014). Nursing Discussion Post on Alcoholism Essay
For obesity, evidence shows that genetics contribute to about 40-70 percent of obesity where there are numerous genes that predispose people to gain weight(Albuquerque et al, 2017). An example of such a gene is fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO). FTO plays a role in governing energy balances as well as controlling feeding behavior (Albuquerque et al, 2017).
Obesity has a big impact ontoday’s society. For example, people with obesity are susceptible to physical and mental health conditions. Evidence shows that obesity elevates an individual’s risk to cardiovascular disease, hypertension, stroke, and some forms of cancers (Pigeyre et al, 2016). Similarly, obesity has been associated with aspects such as low self-esteem and thus mental health problems. Moreover, obesity can result in low productivity since people with obesity are less productive.Nursing Discussion Post on Alcoholism Essay
Albuquerque D, Licinio C &Padez M. (2017).The contribution of genetics and environment to obesity.British Medical Bulletin. 123(1), 159–173.
Pigeyre M, Yazdi F, Kaur Y &Meyre D. (2016). Recent progress in genetics, epigenetics, andmetagenomics unveils the pathophysiology of human obesity. Clin Sci. 1(130). 943-986
Wang K, Luo X &Zuo L. (2014). Genetic factors for alcohol dependence and schizophrenia: common and rare variants. Austin J Drug Abuse Addict. 1(1), 3. Nursing Discussion Post on Alcoholism Essay